Bo Qiu
Professor of Oceanography
Department of Oceanography
School of Ocean & Earth Science & Technology
University of Hawaii at Manoa
1000 Pope Road
Honolulu, HI 96822

Office: (808) 956-4098
Fax: (808) 956-9225

Google Scholar profile
  • Ph.D. 1990, Physical Oceanography, Kyoto University
  • M.Sc. 1986, Physical Oceanography, Kyoto University
  • B.Sc. 1984, Geophysics, Kyoto University

  • Professor, Dept of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, 2003-present.
  • Associate Professor, Dept of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, 1998-2003.
  • Assistant Professor, Dept of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, 1993-1998.
  • Assistant Scientist, Dept of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-1993.
  • Postdoc Investigator, Dept of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-1992.

  • Decadal Upper Ocean Variability in the North Pacific: Mechanisms, Impact and Prediction (NSF)
  • Origins of the Kuroshio and Mindanao Currents (ONR)
  • Elucidating Multi-Scale Midlatitude Ocean Dynamics using Satellite Altimetry and Numerical Modeling Data (NASA)
  • Exploration of New Upper Ocean Circulation Dynamics through Synergy of the SWOT Satellite Mission and Ocean General Circulation Model (NASA)

    OCN662: Marine Hydrodynamics

  • Panelist, U.S. Argo Implementation Panel, 2004-present
  • Member, NASA's Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) Science Definition Team, 2013-present
  • Member, NASA's Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST), 2013-present
  • Member, Pacific Asian Marginal Seas (PAMS) Science Steering Committee, 2013-present
  • Member, International CLIVAR NPOCE Program Science Steering Committee, 2010-present
  • Councilor (Hyou-gi-in), The Oceanographic Society of Japan, 1997-present
  • Member, JAMSTEC Research Institute for Global Change (RIGC) Advisory Committee, 2011-2014
  • Panelist, International CLIVAR Pacific Panel, 2005-2012
  • Contributing Author, The IPCC 5th Assessment Report: "The Physical Science Basis", 2011-2012
  • Panelist, International CLIVAR Asian-Australian Monsoon Panel, 2008-2010
  • Co-chair, US-CLIVAR Western Boundary Current Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction Working Group, 2007-2009
  • Coordinator, IOC/WESTPAC Ocean Dynamics and Climate Programme, 2002-2008
  • Contributing Author, The IPCC 4th Assessment Report: The Physical Science Basis, 2005/06
  • Panelist, U.S. CLIVAR Pacific Implementation Panel, 1999-2003
  • Recipient, New Investigators Award from NASA's Mission To Planet Earth (MTPE) Program, 1996
  • Recipient, The Okada Prize from the Oceanographic Society of Japan, 1993

  • 2015

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, D. Rudnick, and Y. Kashino, 2015: A new paradigm for the North Pacific subthermocline low-latitude western boundary current system. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 45, in press.

    Oka, E., B. Qiu, Y. Takatani, K. Enyo, D. Sasano, N. Kosugi, M. Ishii, T. Nakano, and T. Suga, 2015: Decadal variability of Subtropical Mode Water subduction and its impact on biogeochemistry. J. Oceanogr., 71, 389-400.

    Hu, D., L. Wu, W. Cai, A. Sen Gupta, A. Ganachaud, B. Qiu, etal., 2015: Pacific western boundary currents and their roles in climate. Nature, 522, 299-308.

    Chen, X., B. Qiu, X. Cheng, Y. Qi, and Y. Du, 2015: Intra-seasonal variability of Pacific-origin sea level anomalies around the Philippine Archipelago. J. Oceanogr., 71, 239-249.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, L. Wu, and S. Kida, 2015: Wind- versus eddy-forced regional sea level trends and variability in the North Pacific Ocean. J. Climate, 28, 1561-1577.

    Chen, Z., L. Wu, B. Qiu, L. Li, D. Hu, C. Liu, F. Jia, and X. Liang, 2015: Strengthening Kuroshio observed at its origin during November 2010 to October 2012. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 2460-2470, doi:10.1002/2014JC010590.

  • 2014

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, P. Klein, H. Sasaki, and Y. Sasai, 2014: Seasonal mesoscale and submesoscale eddy variability along the North Pacific Subtropical Countercurrent. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 3079-3098.

    Sasaki, H., P. Klein, B. Qiu, and Y. Sasai, 2014: Impact of oceanic-scale interactions on the seasonal modulation of ocean dynamics by the atmosphere. Nature Communications, 5:5636, Doi:10.1038/ncomms6636.

    Wang, L.-C., C.-R. Wu, and B. Qiu, 2014: Modulation of Rossby waves on the Pacific North Equatorial Current bifurcation associated with the 1976 climate regime shift. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 6669-6679, doi:10.1002/2014JC010233.

    Zhang, Z., W. Wang, and B. Qiu, 2014: Oceanic mass transport by mesoscale eddies. Science, 345, 322-324, DOI: 10.1126/science.1252418. Supplementary Materials.

    Jing, Z., L. Wu, and B. Qiu, 2014: Enhanced 2-h~8-day oscillations associated with Tropical Instability Waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 1908-1918.

    Lien, R.-C., B. Ma, Y.-H. Cheng, C.-R. Ho, B. Qiu, C.M. Lee, and M.-H. Chang, 2014: Modulation of Kuroshio transport by mesoscale eddies at the Luzon Strait entrance. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 2129-2142, doi:10.1002/2013JC009548.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, N. Schneider, and B. Taguchi, 2014: A coupled decadal prediction of the dynamic state of the Kuroshio Extension system. J. Climate, 27, 1751-1764.

    Kilpatrick, T., N. Schneider, and B. Qiu, 2014: Boundary layer convergence induced by strong winds across a midlatitude SST front. J. Climate, 27, 1698-1718.

    Chen, Z., L. Wu, B. Qiu, S. Sun, and F. Jia, 2014: Seasonal variation of the South Equatorial Current bifurcation off Madagascar. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 618-631.

  • 2013

    Kida, S., and B. Qiu, 2013: An exchange flow between the Okhotsk Sea and the North Pacific driven by the East Kamchatka Current. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6747-6758, doi:10.1002/2013JC009464.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, and H. Sasaki, 2013: Generation of the North Equatorial Undercurrent jets by triad baroclinic Rossby wave interactions. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 2682-2698.

    Zhuang, W., B. Qiu, and Y. Du, 2013: Low-frequency western Pacific Ocean sea level and circulation changes due to the connectivity of the Philippine archipelago. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6759-6773, doi:10.1002/2013JC009376.

    Imawaki, S., A.S. Bower, L. Beal, and B. Qiu, 2013: Western Boundary Currents. In Ocean Circulation and Climate - A 21st Century Perspective, 2nd Edition, G. Siedler, S.M. Griffies, W.J. Gould and J. Church (eds.); Academic Press, pp.305-338.

    Katsura, S., E. Oka, B. Qiu, and N. Schneider, 2013: Formation and subduction of North Pacific Tropical Water and their interannual variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 2400-2415.

    Hsin, Y.-C., B. Qiu, T.-L. Chiang, C.-R. Wu, 2013: Seasonal to interannual variations in the intensity and central position of the surface Kuroshio east of Taiwan. J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20323.

    Qiu, B., D.L. Rudnick, S. Chen, and Y. Kashino, 2013: Quasi-stationary North Equatorial Undercurrent jets across the tropical North Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 2183-2187, doi:10.1002/grl.50394.

    Sun, S., L. Wu and B. Qiu, 2013: Response of the inertial recirculation to intensified stratification in a two-layer quasigeostrophic ocean circulation model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 1254-1269.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2013: Concurrent decadal mesoscale eddy modulations in the western North Pacific subtropical gyre. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 344-358.

    Cronin, M.F., N.A. Bond, J.T. Farrar, H. Ichikawa, S.R. Jayne, Y. Kawai, M. Konda, B. Qiu, L. Rainville, H. Tomita, 2013: Formation and erosion of the seasonal thermocline in the Kuroshio Extension Recirculation Gyre. Deep-Sea Res. II, 85, 62-74.

    Yim, B.-Y., Y. Noh, S.-W. Yeh, J.-S. Kug, H.-S. Min, and B. Qiu, 2013: Ocean mixed layer processes in the Pacific Decadal Oscillation in coupled general circulation models. Clim. Dyn., 41, 1407-1417, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1630-7.

  • 2012

    Hsin, Y.-C., and B. Qiu, 2012: The impact of Eastern-Pacific versus Central-Pacific El Ninos on the North Equatorial Countercurrent in the Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C11017, doi:10.1029/2012JC008362.

    Chang, C.-H., S.-P. Xie, N. Schneider, B. Qiu, J. Small, W. Zhuang, B. Taguchi, H. Sasaki, and X. Lin, 2012: East Pacific ocean eddies and their relationship to subseasonal variability in Central American wind jets. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C10001, doi:10.1029/2011JC007315.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, and G.S. Carter, 2012: Time-varying parametric subharmonic instability from repeat CTD surveys in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C09012, doi:10.1029/2012JC007882.

    Hsin, Y.-C., and B. Qiu, 2012: Seasonal fluctuations of the surface North Equatorial Countercurrent (NECC) across the Pacific basin. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C06001, doi:10.1029/2011JC007794.

    Oka, E., B. Qiu, S. Kouketsu, K. Uehara, and T. Suga, 2012: Decadal seesaw of the Central and Subtropical Mode Water formation associated with the Kuroshio Extension variability. J. Oceanogr., 68, 355-360.

    Wu, L., W. Cai, L. Zhang, H. Nakamura, A. Timmermann, T. Joyce, M.J. McPhaden, M. Alexander, B. Qiu, M. Visbeck, and P. Chang, 2012: Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents. Nature Clim. Change, 2, DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE1353.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2012: Multi-decadal sea level and gyre circulation variability in the northwestern tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 42, 193-206.

    Oka, E., and B. Qiu, 2012: Progress of North Pacific mode water research in the past decade. J. Oceanogr., 68, 5-20.

  • 2011

    Yoshida, S., B. Qiu, and P. Hacker, 2011: Low-frequency eddy modulations in the Hawaiian Lee Countercurrent: Observations and connection to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C12009, doi:10.1029/2011JC007286.

    Ganachaud, A., A. Sen Gupta, J. Orr, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, M. Hemer, C. Maes, C. Steinberg, A. Tribollet, B. Qiu, and J. Kruger, 2011: Observed and expected changes to the tropical Pacific Ocean. In: Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change (J.D. Bell, J.E. Johnson and A.J. Hobday eds.). Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea, New Caledonia. pp. 101-188.

    Jia, F., L. Wu, and B. Qiu, 2011: Seasonal modulation of eddy kinetic energy and its formation mechanism in the southeast Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41, 657-665.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2011: Effect of decadal Kuroshio Extension jet and eddy variability on the modification of North Pacific Intermediate Water. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41, 503-515.

    Qiu, B., and Y. Masumoto, 2011: Oceanic processes influencing SST in regions related to the Asian-Australian monsoon system. In "The Global Monsoon System: Research and Forecast (2nd Ed.)", edited by C.-P. Chang et al., World Scientific Publishing Co., pp. 525-534.

    Jia, F., L. Wu, J. Lan, and B. Qiu, 2011: Interannual modulation of eddy kinetic energy in the southeast Indian Ocean by Southern Annular Mode. J. Geophys. Res., 116, doi:10.1029/2010JC006699.

  • 2010

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2010: Interannual-to-decadal variability in the bifurcation of the North Equatorial Current off the Philippines. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 2525-2538.

    Lee, T., S. Hakkinen, K. Kelly, B. Qiu, H. Bonekamp, and E.J. Lindstrom, 2010: Satellite observations of ocean circulation changes associated with climate variability. Oceanography, 23(4), 70-81.

    Kelly, K.A., R.J. Small, R.M. Samelson, B. Qiu, T.M. Joyce, Y.-O. Kwon and M.F. Cronin, 2010: Western boundary currents and frontal air-sea interaction: Gulf Stream and Kuroshio Extension. J. Climate, 23, 5644-5667.

    Kwon, Y.-O., M.A. Alenxader, N.A. Bond, C. Frankignoul, H. Nakamura, B. Qiu, and L. Thompson, 2010: Role of the Gulf Stream and Kuroshio-Oyashio systems in large-scale atmosphere-ocean interaction: A review. J. Climate, 23, 3249-3281.

    Taguchi, B., B. Qiu, M. Nonaka, H. Sasaki, S.-P. Xie, and N. Schneider, 2010: Decadal variability of the Kuroshio Extension: mesoscale eddies and recirculations. Ocean Dyn., 60, 673-691.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2010: Eddy-mean flow interaction in the decadally-modulating Kuroshio Extension system. Deep-Sea Res. II, 57, 1098-1110.

    Yoshida, S., B. Qiu, and P. Hacker, 2010: Wind generated eddy characteristics in the lee of the island of Hawaii. J. Geophys. Res., 115, doi:10.1029/2009JC005417.

    Chen, S., and B. Qiu, 2010: Mesoscale eddies northeast of the Hawaiian archipelago from satellite altimeter observations. J. Geophys. Res., 115, doi:10.1029/2009JC005698.

    Yim, B.-Y., Y. Noh, B. Qiu, S.-H. You, and J.-H. Yoon, 2010: The vertical structure of eddy heat transport simulated by an eddy-resolving OGCM. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 340-353.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2010: Interannual variability of the North Pacific Subtropical Countercurrent and its associated mesoscale eddy field. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 213-225.

  • 2005 - 2009

    Jayne, S., N. Hogg, S. Waterman, L. Rainville, K. Donahue, D. Watts, K. Tracey, J. McClean, M. Maltrud, B. Qiu, S. Chen, and P. Hacker, 2009: The Kuroshio Extension and its recirculation gyres. Deep-Sea Res., 56, 2088-2099.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, and W.S. Kessler, 2009: Source of the 70-day mesoscale eddy variability in the Coral Sea and the North Fiji Basin. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 404-420.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, P. Hacker, N. Hogg, S. Jayne, and H. Sasaki, 2008: The Kuroshio Extension northern recirculation gyre: Profiling float measurements and forcing mechanism. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 1764-1779.

    Scott, R.B., B.K. Arbic, C.L. Holland, A. Sen, and B. Qiu, 2008: Zonal versus meridional velocity variance in satellite observations and realistic and idealized ocean circulation models. Ocean Modelling, 23, 102-112.

    Qiu, B., R. Scott, and S. Chen, 2008: Length scales of eddy generation and nonlinear evolution of the seasonally-modulated South Pacific Subtropical Countercurrent. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 1515-1528.

    Qiu, B., N. Schneider, and S. Chen, 2007: Coupled decadal variability in the North Pacific: An observationally-constrained idealized model. J. Climate, 20, 3602-3620.

    Chen, S., B. Qiu, and P. Hacker, 2007: Profiling float measurements of the recirculation gyre south of the Kuroshio Extension in May to November 2004. J. Geophys. Res., 112, doi:10.1029/2006JC004005.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, and P. Hacker, 2007: Effect of mesoscale eddies on Subtropical Mode Water variability from the Kuroshio Extension System Study (KESS). J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 982-1000.

    Noh, Y., B.Y. Yim, S.H. You, J.H. Yoon, and B. Qiu, 2007: Seasonal variation of eddy kinetic energy of the North Pacific Subtropical Countercurrent simulated by an eddy-resolving OGCM. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, doi:10.1029/2006GL029130.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2006: Decadal variability in the large-scale sea surface height field of the South Pacific Ocean: Observations and causes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 1751-1762.

    Chen, S., and B. Qiu, 2006: Annual variations in sea surface height northeast of the Hawaiian Islands. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, doi:10.1029/2006GL027005.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2006: Decadal variability in the formation of the North Pacific Subtropical Mode Water: Oceanic versus atmospheric control. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 1365-1380.

    Qiu, B., P. Hacker, S. Chen, K.A. Donohue, D.R. Watts, H. Mitsudera, N.G. Hogg and S.R. Jayne, 2006: Observations of the Subtropical Mode Water evolution from the Kuroshio Extension System Study. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 457-473.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2005: Variability of the Kuroshio Extension jet, recirculation gyre and mesoscale eddies on decadal timescales. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 2090-2103.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2005: Eddy-induced heat transport in the subtropical North Pacific from Argo, TMI and altimetry measurements. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 458-473.

  • 2000 - 2004

    Firing, Y.I., M.A. Merrifield, T.A. Schroeder, and B. Qiu, 2004: Interdecadal sea level fluctuations at Hawaii. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 2514-2524.

    Qiu, B., S. Chen, and P. Hacker, 2004: Synoptic-scale air-sea flux forcing in the western North Pacific: Observations and their impact on SST and the mixed layer. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 2148-2159.

    Chen, S., and B. Qiu, 2004: Seasonal variability of the South Equatorial Countercurrent. J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002243.

    Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2004: Seasonal modulations in the eddy field of the South Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 1515-1527.

    Endo, T., H. Mitsudera, S. Xie, and B. Qiu, 2004: Thermohaline structure in the subarctic North Pacific simulated in a general circulation model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 360-371.

    Qiu, B., 2003: Kuroshio Extension variability and forcing of the Pacific decadal oscillations: Responses and potential feedback. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 2465-2482.

    Durland, T.S., and B. Qiu, 2003: Transmission of subinertial Kelvin waves through a strait. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 1337-1350.

    Scott, R.B., and B. Qiu, 2003: Predictability of SST in a stochastic climate model and its application to the Kuroshio Extension region. J. Climate, 16, 312-322.

    Qiu, B., and T. Durland, 2002: Interaction between an island and the ventilated thermocline: Implications for the Hawaiian Lee Countercurrent. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 3408-3426.

    Qiu, B., 2002: Large-scale variability in the midlatitude subtropical and subpolar North Pacific Ocean: Observations and causes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 353-375.

    Fu, L.-L., and B. Qiu, 2002: Low-frequency variability of the North Pacific Ocean: the roles of boundary-driven and wind-driven baroclinic Rossby waves. J. Geophys. Res., 107, doi:10.1029/2001JC001131.

    Qiu, B., 2002: The Kuroshio Extension system: Its large-scale variability and role in the midlatitude ocean-atmosphere interaction. J. Oceanogr., 58, 57-75.

    Qiu, B., 2001: Kuroshio and Oyashio Currents. In Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, pp. 1413-1425.

    Fu, L.-L., B. Cheng, and B. Qiu, 2001: 25-day period large-scale oscillations in the Argentine Basin revealed by the TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 506-517.

    Qu, T., H. Mitsudera, and B. Qiu, 2001: A climatological view of the Kuroshio/Oyashio system east of Japan. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 2572-2589.

    Qiu, B., and W. Miao, 2000: Kuroshio path variations south of Japan: Bimodality as a self-sustained internal oscillation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30, 2124-2137.

    Qiu, B., 2000: Interannual variability of the Kuroshio Extension system and its impact on the wintertime SST field. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30, 1486-1502.

  • 1995 - 1999

    Qiu, B., 1999: Seasonal eddy field modulation of the North Pacific Subtropical Countercurrent: TOPEX/POSEIDON observations and theory. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 2471-2486.

    Firing, E., B. Qiu, and W. Miao, 1999: Time-dependent island rule and its application to the time-varying North Hawaiian Ridge Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 2671-2688.

    Qiu, B., M. Mao, and Y. Kashino, 1999: Intraseasonal variability in the Indo-Pacific Throughflow and the regions surrounding the Indonesian Seas. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 1599-1618.

    Huang, R.X. and B. Qiu, 1998: The structure of the wind-driven circulation in the subtropical South Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 28, 1173-1186.

    Qiu, B., and F.F. Jin, 1997: Antarctic circumpolar waves: An indication of ocean-atmosphere coupling in the extratropics. Geophys. Res. Let., 24, 2585-2588.

    Qiu, B., W. Miao, and P. Muller, 1997: Propagation and decay of forced and free baroclinic Rossby waves in off-equatorial oceans. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 2405-2417.

    Qiu, B., D. Koh, C. Lumpkin, and P. Flament, 1997: Existence and formation mechanism of the North Hawaiian Ridge Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 431-444.

    Ishikawa, Y., T. Awaji, K. Akitomo, and B. Qiu, 1996: Successive correction of the mean sea surface height by the simultaneous assimilation of drifting buoy and altimetric data. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26, 2381-2397.

    Qiu, B. and R. Lukas, 1996: Seasonal and interannual variability of the North Equatorial Current, the Mindanao Current and the Kuroshio along the Pacific western boundary. J. Geophys. Res., 101 12,315-12,330.

    Kelly, K.A., M.J. Caruso, S. Singh, and B. Qiu, 1996: Observations of atmosphere-ocean coupling in midlatitude western boundary currents. J. Geophys. Res., 101 6295-6312.

    Qiu, B.and R.X. Huang, 1995: Ventilation of the North Atlantic and North Pacific: Subduction vs. obduction. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25 2374-2390.

    Qiu, B., 1995: Variability and energetics of the Kuroshio Extension and its recirculation gyre from the first two-year TOPEX data. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25 1827-1842.

    Kelly, K.A. and B. Qiu, 1995: Heat flux estimates for the North Atlantic. Part II: The upper ocean heat balance. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25 2361-2373.

    Kelly, K.A. and B. Qiu, 1995: Heat flux estimates for the North Atlantic. Part I: Assimilation of satellite data into a mixed layer model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25 2344-2360.

    Qiu, B., 1995: Why is the North Pacific Intermediate Water confined on density surfaces around sigma_theta = 26.8?. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25 168-180.

  • 1987 - 1994

    Qiu, B., 1994: Determining the mean Gulf Stream and its recirculations through combining hydrographic and altimetric data. J. Geophys. Res., 99 951-962.

    Huang, R.X. and B. Qiu, 1994: Three-dimensional structure of the wind-driven circulation in the subtropical North Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24 1608-1622.

    Qiu, B. and K.A. Kelly, 1993: Upper ocean heat balance in the Kuroshio Extension region. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23 2027-2041.

    Qiu, B., 1992: Recirculation and seasonal change of the Kuroshio from altimetry observations. J. Geophys. Res., 97 17,801-17,811.

    Qiu, B. and T.M. Joyce, 1992: Interannual variability in the mid- and low-latitude western North Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 22 1062-1079.

    Qiu, B., K.A. Kelly, and T.M. Joyce, 1991: Mean flow and variability of the Kuroshio Extension from the Geosat altimetry data. J. Geophys. Res., 96 18,491-18,507.

    Qiu, B., 1990: Low-frequency shelf/slope responses induced by localized offshore forcings. J. Geophys. Res., 95 9447-9459.

    Qiu, B., T. Toda, and N. Imasato, 1990: On Kuroshio front fluctuations in the East China Sea using satellite and in-situ observational data. J. Geophys. Res., 95 18,191-18,204.

    Qiu, B. and N. Imasato, 1990: A numerical study on the formation of the Kuroshio counter current and the Kuroshio branch current in the East China Sea. Continental Shelf Res., 10 165-184.

    Qiu, B., N. Imasato, and T. Awaji, 1988: Baroclinic instability of buoyancy-driven coastal density currents. J. Geophys. Res., 93 5037-5050.

    Imasato, N., and B. Qiu, 1987: An event in water exchange between continental shelf and the Kuroshio off southern Japan -- Lagrangian tracking of a low-salinity water mass. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17 953-968.

  • Last changed on February 8 2014